Article for Teachers
Cut and Paste Plagiarism
Detecting and Tracking Online Plagiarism
Hinchliffe - May 1998
is a difficult concept to define. It includes a range of actions from failure
to use proper citation to wholesale cheating. A student who plagiarizes may do
so unintentionally or with planful deliberation.
a paper for a research service or term paper mill.
in another student's work without that student?s knowledge.
in a paper a peer has written for the student.
a paper from a source text without proper acknowledgment.
materials from a source text, supplying proper documentation, but leaving
out quotation marks.
materials from a source text without appropriate documentation.
Internet has made simple an additional type of plagiarism:
in a paper from a "free term paper" website.
Can I Prevent Plagiarism?
the processes involved in doing research and writing papers. Ways to do so
include requiring topic proposals, idea outlines, multiple drafts, interim
working bibliographies and photocopies of sources.
students to engage and apply ideas, not just describe them.
students to reflect personally on the topic or the processes of research
and writing, either in the paper or as an additional writing assignment.
plagiarism with students, both what it is and your policies about it.
Can I Detect Plagiarism?
Can I Track Down Plagiarism?
for unusual formatting or formatting that does not match what you require.
In particular, check for website printout page numbers or dates, grayed
out letters and unusual use of upper/lower case and capitalization.
any jargon or advanced vocabulary or sentence structure.
quotations carefully. Do they sound like a quote from an interview? Are
there quotes without bibliographic entries?
the original assignment. Are any portions of the assignment completely
left out? Do any portions read like they were "added on" to the
paper? Is it the correct type of paper, e.g. descriptive, position, first
the bibliography. Is the correct citation style used? Is the citation
style used consistently? Does it match the sources referenced in the
paper? Are there many items that the academic institution's library does
for original author identification clues. Follow up with a web search for
a personal homepage and the website(s) of the organization(s) with which
the author is affiliated.
for original source identification clues. Follow up with a web search for
the original source.
unusual keywords or unique phrases and search them in one of the large
search engines such as HotBot or Infoseek.
at original text of sources listed in the bibliography.
the websites listed in Yahoo! - Business and
Economy:Companies:Education:Term Paper Assistance
a reference librarian for assistance
Synonymizer, the software package that you can download and use for free in this site, is a powerful tool against plagiarism.
When a source is modified, the limit between Derivative Work and a Different Work is blurred. No valid definition exists, other than the subjective judgment of a judge.
However, the more different words from the original, the less chances of being accused of plagiarism. Also, the less chance to trigger detection softwares like Turnitin.
SYNONYMIZER is a legitimate tool to enrich text, enhance vocabulary and avoid repetition.
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